INJURIES AMONG CHILDREN
Orthopaedic Surgeon, 2Filoktitis Rehabilitation
Center, Athens, Greece
The purpose of this study is to
evaluate the incidence and mechanisms of injury in basketball and to
recommend prophylactic measures.
Materials and Methods.
We undertook a prospective study to determine the type and distribution
of basketball injuries. During the 7-year period 1998-2004, 7134
injuries were collected by the Emergency Department Injury Surveillance
System from Aglaia Kyriakou Children's Hospital. The data were
collected and recorded on a pre-coded questionnaire. Cross-tabulations
and multiple logistic regressions were performed to analyze the data.
elements of study it is accounted that 1 in 100 children aged 5 to 14
years old in Greece, visits each year the Emergency Department of a
hospital after an injury in basketball. The 44% of injuries happened
during school activity, 22% in a game or training of team and 34%
during leisure. The majority of injuries are reported was result of
being struck by the ball 44%. Although the most frequent injury was
strains 46% the percentages of fractures and sprains were particularly
high. The commonest injuries among players 42% concerned fingers of
hand. Injuries in ankle and knee were increased in organised basketball
21% and 6% respectively. Injuries during the game or training were very
serious by 50% needed extra medical care. The percentage of
hospitalisations was 2%.
The following safety precautions as warming up, good technique and use
of protective equipment can help prevent basketball injuries.