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"Medicina Sportiva" No.14 - 2008 The 15-th Sports Medicine Balkan Congress


Spagakos Georgios1, Kontopoulou Eirini2
1 Orthopaedic Surgeon, 2Filoktitis Rehabilitation Center, Athens, Greece

The purpose of this study is to evaluate the incidence and mechanisms of injury in basketball and to recommend prophylactic measures.
Materials and Methods.  We undertook a prospective study to determine the type and distribution of basketball injuries. During the 7-year period 1998-2004, 7134 injuries were collected by the Emergency Department Injury Surveillance System from Aglaia Kyriakou Children's Hospital. The data were collected and recorded on a pre-coded questionnaire. Cross-tabulations and multiple logistic regressions were performed to analyze the data.
Results. By the elements of study it is accounted that 1 in 100 children aged 5 to 14 years old in Greece, visits each year the Emergency Department of a hospital after an injury in basketball. The 44% of injuries happened during school activity, 22% in a game or training of team and 34% during leisure. The majority of injuries are reported was result of being struck by the ball 44%. Although the most frequent injury was strains 46% the percentages of fractures and sprains were particularly high. The commonest injuries among players 42% concerned fingers of hand. Injuries in ankle and knee were increased in organised basketball 21% and 6% respectively. Injuries during the game or training were very serious by 50% needed extra medical care. The percentage of hospitalisations was 2%.
Conclusions. The following safety precautions as warming up, good technique and use of protective equipment can help prevent basketball injuries.

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