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"Sport Medicine Journal" No.36 - 2013
ARTICLE – abstract


Coronary flow and physical activity

Latino Francesca1, Mazzeo Filomena2, Tafuri Domenico3
1Department of Biomorphological and Functional Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Italy
2Department of Science and Technology, University of  Naples Parthenope, Italy
3Department of Sport Science and Wellness, University of Naples Parthenope, Italy


Abstract

Inactivity is one of the major risk factors for heart disease. However, exercise helps improve heart health, and can even reverse some heart disease risk factors.
A sedentary (inactive) lifestyle is one of the top risk factors for heart disease. Fortunately, it's a risk factor that you can do something about. Regular exercise, especially aerobic exercise, has many benefits. Regular aerobic physical activity increases exercise capacity and plays a role in both primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease.
Like all muscles, the heart becomes stronger as a result of exercise, so it can pump more blood through the body with every beat and continue working at maximum level, if needed, with less strain. The resting heart rate of those who exercise is also slower, because less effort is needed to pump blood.
A person who exercises often and vigorously has the lowest risk for heart disease, but any amount of exercise is beneficial. Studies consistently find that light-to-moderate exercise is even beneficial in people with existing heart disease. Moreover, anyone with heart disease or cardiac risk factors should seek medical advice before beginning a workout program.
Exercise has a number of effects that benefit the heart and circulation. These benefits include improving cholesterol and fat levels, reducing inflammation in the arteries, helping weight loss programs, and helping to keep blood vessels flexible and open.
The known benefits of regular aerobic exercise and current recommendations for implementation of exercise programs are described in this revised report.
 
Key words:

physical exercise, rehabilitation, cardiovascular disease, coronary flow




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