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Romanian Society for Sports Medicine



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"Medicina Sportiva" No.14 - 2008 The 15-th Sports Medicine Balkan Congress
INJURIES IN SPORTS


THE COMPARE OF PREVALENCE, CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES OF SPORT INJURIES IN ELITE AND AMATEUR MOUNTAIN CLIMBERS

Ebrahim Banitalebi 1, Khalil Khayambashi2, Behnam Ghasemi 3
1 Islamic Azad University of Shahrekord Branch, Shahrekord,
2 Physical Education & Sport Science College, Isfahan University,
3 Physical education Department, Shahrekord University, Iran


Introduction.The purpose of this study was the compare of prevalence, causes and consequences of sport injuries in elite and amateur mountain climbers.
Method. In this study 50 male mountaineers who were invited to Iran National Team with two years experience in climbing had been considered as elite.52 male mountaineers who were climbing in "Payam-Zardkooh" and "Faraz" climbing groups with two years experience in climbing were considered as amateur. A questionnaire was used by the researcher to collect data via interview and participating in their climbing programs.
Results. 259 injuries were recorded in elite climbers and 998 injuries in amateur groups. The majority of prevalence of injuries was in soft tissue with 84% and 90% respectively for elite and amateur climbers. Sunburn, foot blister and muscle cramp for amateur climbers and sunburn, foot blister and frostbite for elite climbers were the most recorded injuries. The majority of injuries occurred at day time, while the higher percentage belong to lower extremities in the down hill tracks. In the most cases first aid kits were available for the both groups.
Conclusion. Lake of equipment and/or improper use of them were the most causes of injuries. Among them, lake of sun-cream and cap uses were the most importance causes. Inappropriate shoes and exhaustion among elite climbers and inadequate level of physical fitness in amateur were other causes on injuries. Chi square test showed significant differences among injuries between the elite and amateur mountain climbers.
Key words: injuries, elite, amateur, mountain climbers.

CONCLUSION. There is not correlation between ankle edema and range of movement, but there is correlation between pain and range of movement of the ankle.






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