Injuries to the superior glenoid labrum, an important source of shoulder dysfunction and pain in throwing athletes and overhead workers are difficult to diagnose and treat. Early recognition and correct treatment are key aspects in the management of SLAP injuries. This paper aims to present current knowledge regarding the management and diagnosis of these injuries by addressing key aspects such as anatomy and pathogenesis, physical examination combined with imaging techniques, and treatment options, both surgical and nonsurgical ones. Literature studies have shown that SLAP lesions can coexist with other pathologies of the shoulder. Together with other aspects, it generates controversy, concluding that the optimal approach is yet to be decided. The diagnosis and management of the SLAP lesions are still a source of controversy. Clinical features should be used in association with imaging techniques for a better diagnosis. The surgical options don’t always guarantee the effective reduction of pain, improvement of function and return to sports.
athletes, superior glenoid labrum, injuries, early diagnosis
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