comparison of spine ROM and physical fitness parameters in active
females and sedentary females
Education and Sports Department, Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey
aim of this study was to investigate the effect of physical activity on
spine range of motion (ROM) and on some physical fitness parameters in
young females. Ninety-nine female university students (45 physically
active and 54 sedentary) between the ages of 18 and 24 years with no
history of back pain (Age: 19,69±1,85years; Height:
158,61±7,1cm; Body weight: 55,34±6,13kg)
voluntarily participated to this study.
Material and Method.
The anthropometric, strength, endurance and flexibility measurements of
the all participants were made. After, spine ROM measurements from two
different anatomic points were recorded. For data analysis, each
parameters were calculated as mean±standart deviation (SD).
Differences among the two groups were investigated by independent
sample t testing. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to test
relationships among the parameters.
Results: The tests which
resulted in signicant differences (p < 0.00) between the two
groups included the back muscle strength (Active:
77,52±11,77kgf; Sedentary: 60,83±11,98kgf) and
all the spine ROM variables except left lateral flexion (L5-S1 flexion:
L5-S1 extension: 35,13±8,12º,
23,59±7,10º; T12-L1 flexion:
T12-L1 extension: 53,20±9,01º,
42,61±10,22º; Right Lateral Flexion:
22,12±3,80cm, 19,75±3,56cm). Moreover, there were
low and moderate significant relationship between spine ROM parameters
with anthropometric and physical fitness parameters. These are: L5-S1
extension ROM with triceps SF (r=-0.266), suprailiac SF (r=-0.264),
total fat (r=-0.284), FM(%) (r=-0.270), wrist circumference (r=-0.325),
with frame size (r=0.318). L5-S1 flexion ROM with triceps SF
(r=-0.250). T12-L1 extension ROM and wrist circumference (r=-0.208).
According to these results, L5-S1 flexion and extension ROM were
correlated positively with back muscle strength, the relative strength,
and sit and reach score. T12-L1flexion and extension ROM only
correlated with sit and reach score.
Conclusions. It was
demonstrated that there was a positive effect of physically active
life-style on the back health. The results from this study will be
helpful to know for individuals who have a physically active life-style
will be able to improve their physical fitness parameters and spinal
spine flexibility, back muscle strength, back muscle enduranceFull
A comparison of spine ROM and physical fitness parameters in active females and sedentary females