stability in children with Down syndrome
Bahiraei Saied, Daneshmandi Hassan, Behdost Mohammad Reza
Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Sport Science and Physical Education,
University of Guilan, Rasht, Iran
of this study to evaluate the postural balance using the Biodex Balance
System (BBS) in children with Down syndrome (DS).
and Method. The study involving 30 male subjects with DS (mean age:
15.02±2.07 years, mean body weight: 61.63±12.80 kg, mean
height: 155.00±10.65cm, body mass index (BMI): 25.85±
4.21) and 25 Non-DS male subjects (mean age: 15.04±2.13 years,
mean body weight: 56.24±12.01, mean height: 164.36±11.42,
body mass index (BMI):20.72±3.58). Independent t test was also
used to determine any difference in balance scores between DS patients
and healthy. Medial–lateral stability index (MLSI),
anterior–posterior stability index (APSI) and an overall
stability index (OSI) were measured in two measurement sessions using
the Biodex Balance System (BBS). Balance was measured in four
conditions: bilateral and unilateral stance with eyes open and eyes
closed, over a period of 20s.
Result. The Bland-Altman plot of
agreement in balance scores between tests and retests demonstrated good
agreement. A significant difference was found in OSI, APSI, and MLSI
between subjects with DS and healthy.
Conclusion. This study finds
that subjects with Down syndrome included in this research demonstrate
that deficits in postural control system that may provide a partial
explanation for function balance problems that are common in these
subjects. However, no significant difference was detected in APSI
(SLEO) between two groups this study finds that subjects with Down
syndrome included in this research demonstrate that deficits in
postural control system that may provide a partial explanation for
function balance problems that are common in these subjects.
posture, balance measurements, Down syndrome