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"Sport Medicine Journal" No.34 - 2013
ARTICLE – abstract

Aerobic versus Anaerobic - comparative studies concerning the dynamics of the aerobic and anaerobic effort parameters in top athletes

Apostol Adela1, Ionescu Anca Mirela1, Vasilescu Mirela2
1Sports Medicine Department, University of Medicine and Pharmacy Carol Davila, Bucharest, Romania
2Kinetotherapy and Sports Medicine Department, University of Craiova, Craiova, Romania


This study was designed to bring new information about the hypothesis of “concurrent training” between strength and endurance which happened in high level training of elite athletes. We considered that the comparative study of the aerobic and anaerobic performance parameters of specifically trained athletes can offer practical information about these adaptation. For this purpose were analysed the results from 450 top athletes, trained in aerobic, anaerobic and mixed energogenesis sports activities, obtained during the assessment of the effort capacity. The results sustain that training a particular energetic pathway at high level can have negative or positive effects on the other one, based on the athlete`s gender. The excessive training of the aerobic effort capacity happen to the detriment of the anaerobic effort capacity for both, female and male athletes.  The very high intensity, short duration training which characterizes the physical training in the alactic anaerobic trials corroborated with decreasing the maximum oxygen consumption only in the male anaerobic alactic group, while the female anaerobic groups, both alactic and lactic, registered positive correlations with the maximum oxygen consumption.
Key words:

effort capacity, training program, athletes, muscle fiber

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