effects of body fat distribution on cardiopulmonary function in obese
Physical Education and Sports Department, Mustafa Kemal University, Hatay, Turkey
purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of body fat
distribution on oxygen uptake, cardiac output and spirometric
measurements in healthy obese women.
Material and Method. Forty
obese women (age: 37.72±2.28 years, height: 158.67±5.64
cm, body weight (BW): 85.97±11.79 kg, Body Mass Index (BMI):
34.12±4.17 kg/m²) voluntarily participated to this study.
The participants were divided into two groups according to waist
circumference and than their spirometer test, gas analysis, indirect
cardiac output (Q) measurement and anthropometric measurements were
performed. Descriptive statistics, including mean and SD, independent t
test and Pearson correlation coefficient for variables were calculated.
The level of significance was set at p<0.05.
Results. The findings showed that there were statistically significant differences VO2max,
sistolic and diastolic blood pressure parameters between two groups
that advantage of gynoid group (p<0.00). But there were not
statistically significant differences Q and pulmonary functions
parameters between two groups.
Conclusion. In addition to, there were statistically negative relationship between VO2max
and the body fat percentage (BF %), BMI, waist circumference,
waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), waist to height ratio (WHtR) while there were
not statistically relationship between Q, pulmonary function parameters
and anthropometric parameters. Consequently, we found that increased
upper body fat deposition caused to increased arterial blood pressure
and decreased oxygen uptake in obese women.
obesity, maximal oxygen uptake, cardiac output, pulmonary function testFull
The effects of body fat distribution on cardiopulmonary function in obese women