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"Sport Medicine Journal" No.29 - 2012
ARTICLE – abstract

Differences in nutritional assessment of Indian throwers and physical education students

Archana Chahal1, Vijay Chahal2, Aparna Jha3
1Department of Physical Education, University of Allahabad, Allahabad, India
2Department of Physical Education, University of Gorakhpur, Gorakhpur, India
3Centre of Food Technology, University of Allahabad, India


Introduction: As sports nutrition is becoming more and more an interesting and in-demand field in scientific study, venues to expose and encourage developments has been established. The objective of the study was to assess and compare the nutritional assessment of National level Indian throwers and physical education students with their recommended daily allowances (RDA). Methods: The study was conducted on twenty four subjects including twelve male National level throwers from Madan Mohan Malviya Stadium, Allahabad whose competition experience at National level was of minimum three years at the time of evaluation and twelve physical education students from Allahabad University were selected. Mean age of throwers was 16 – 25 years and Physical Education Students was 18 – 21 years. Dietary variables like energy, protein, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, iron and dietary fiber were calculated as per values recorded by self evaluation questionnaire of 24 hours dietary recall.
Results: The‘t’ test was applied for statistical treatment of data. The major findings revealed the following conclusions: (1) there were significant differences between fat, carbohydrates, calcium intakes of National level Indian throwers and their RDA. (2) there were significant differences between energy, carbohydrate intakes of physical education students and their RDA.
Conclusion: There was a gulf between the beliefs and practices of many power and strength athletes and the current sports nutrition guidelines. Further studies are needed to investigate the optimal amount of timing of nutrients intake in relation to training and recovery and where’s enhances training responses.
Key words:

energy, calcium, iron, dietary fiber

Full article:

Differences in nutritional assessment of Indian throwers and physical education students

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