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"Sport Medicine Journal" No.28 - 2011

Exercise training effect on cardiometabolic risk factors and quality of life in young obese patients

Rusu Alexandra Mihaela1, Avram Claudiu2, Almajan-Guta Bogdan3, Cocaina Andreea2,
Mihaescu Adelina1, Gaita Dan Ion1
1Victor Babes University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Timisoara, Romania,
2West University of Timisoara, Physical Education and Sport Faculty, Timisoara, Romania
3Politehnica University from Timisoara, Romania


The aim of this study is to demonstrate the benefit of a supervised weight loss management programme based on general dietary recommendations and interval exercise training (IET) on cardiometabolic risk factors and quality of life in young obese patients. Material and Methods: We conduct a 9 months interventional study on 28 young obese patients (mean age 21.3±3.1 years) with a mean BMI of 30.94±6.68. All patients were evaluated through a cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) in order to provide optimal recommendation for exercise intensity. We also evaluate weight, body mass index, and visceral fat area ( VFA); heart rate (HR); systolic blood pressure (SBP); diastolic blood pressure (DBP); fasting blood glucose (FGL); HDL cholesterol; explosive muscular power of lower body (P) and quality of life (using SF_36 questionnaire). The patients benefit from an intensive IET program, supervised and guided by a physical therapist. IET consisted in 50 minutes sessions, 3 times per week, at intensive endurance training zone (in the range of anaerobic threshold), completed by 1 minute interval in the range between anaerobic threshold and respiratory compensation point, for every 5 minutes of training.
Results: After 9 months of intervention we acquired a significant decrease of weight, BMI, VFA, SBP, FBG, HR and an increase of HDL.
Conclusions: Nine months of exercise based weight management program can reduce cardiometabolic risk factors in obese patients, and significantly improve quality of life in young obese patients.

Key words:

exercise training, cardiometabolic risk, quality of life, obese patients

Full article:

Exercise training effect on cardiometabolic risk factors and quality of life in young obese patients

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