of glucosamine sulphate iontophoresis on hamstring flexibility of
subjects with knee osteoarthrtitis
Onigbinde A. T.1,
Talabi A. E.2, Ojoawo A. O.3,
Adedoyin R. A.1, Onifade O. A.3,
Olaitan O. L.3, Oniyangi S.3,
Rehabilitation Department, College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo
University, Ile-Ife, Osun State , Nigeria
Department, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospital, Ile-Ife, Osun
3Human Kinetics and
Health Education Department, University of Ilorin , Ilorin , Kwara
State , Nigeria
and scope. Knee osteoarthritis is usually associated with
poor hamstring flexibility and the resultant effect is impaired
performance in activities of daily living. Efficacy of oral glucosamine
sulphate in improving flexibility is still being speculated. The
primary aim of this study was to determine the immediate effect of
administering glucosamine sulphate cream iontophoresis in improving
hamstring flexibility and also compare its effect with when combined
with cycle ergometry.
Materials and methods.
Fifty two (52) knee joint osteoarthritic subjects were randomly
selected into 3 groups. Group 1 received cycle ergometry exercise
followed by glucosamine sulphate iontophoresis. Group 2 received only
glucosamine sulphate iontophoresis while group 3 received cycle
ergometry exercise only. An equivalent of 3ml of Glucosamine sulphate
cream was administered transdermally via Electrical; stimulator for
group 1 and 2 for 15mins. The 3rd group which served as control
received only cycle ergometry exercise for 15minutes. The modified sit
and reach flexibility method was used to measure the flexibility of
participants in all the groups. Both the descriptive and inferential
(ANOVA and paired t-test) statistics were used.
The result showed that the flexibility of group 1 participants was
significantly improved than that of group 2 and 3 (p < 0.01).
Also, there was significant improvement in the hamstring flexibility
immediately after interventions for participants in group 1 and 3 (P
Conclusion. It was
concluded that combination of glucosamine sulphate iontophoresis and
cycle ergometry is more effective in improving hamstring flexibility.
Also, it has significant acute effect in improving hamstring
sulphate, iontophoresis, hamstring flexibility,