role of exercise in the management of osteoporosis in postmenopausal
Suzana Dănoiu1, Mircea
Danoiu 2, Rucsandra Dănciulescu Miulescu 3,
Cătălina Poiană 3, Denisa Margină3
of Medicine and Pharmacy Craiova
of Craiova-Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Craiova,
of Medicine and Pharmacy Carol Davila Bucureşti
is a disease characterized by low bone mass and microarchitectural
deterioration of bone tissue leading to enhanced bone fragility and a
consequent increase in fracture risk. The most important modifiable
risk factors for osteoporosis are: excess alcohol, vitamin D
deficiency, tobacco smoking, physical inactivity.
aim of the
present study was to evaluate the effects of exercise training on bone
mineral density in the postmenopausal women.
methods: 26 postmenopausal women were recruited for this
subjects were between 52 and 58 years. The bone mineral density (BMD)
were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Postmenopausal
women heave exercised regularly: walking or running for 150 min/ week,
characteristics. At baseline, the mean
(± SD) T-score on hip was 2.12 ± 0.26, and on
lumbar spine was 2.02 ± 0.16. At the end of 12 months, the
mean T-score was improved nonsignificant on hip and lumbar spine.
Discussion: Benefits of regular exercise
and everday physical activity
on bone mass are greatest during childhoon and adolescent years, peak
bone mass can increase to the greast extent. The net gain of BMD after
exercise interventions among older people is modest, but it is not
clear whether positive effects can be maintained over a longer time.
Conclusion: Exercise with its anabolic
effect, may stop or reverse
osteoporosis. Further studies are needed to determine the threshold
exercise prescription that will produce significant increases in bone
women, exercise, bone mineral density.