ARTICLE – abstract
in cardiovascular risk factors with progressive resistance
in type 2 diabetics in asian indians
Shweta Shenoy, E Arora, JS Sandhu
Nanak Dev University, Department of Sports Medicine and Physiotherapy,
Type 2 diabetics are
at increased risk for several cardiovascular risk factors like
dyslipidemia and hypertension. Progressive resistance training (PRT)
has positive effects on cardiovascular risk factors but its role in
type 2 diabetics in Asian Indians has not been studied. Purpose of the
study. To analyze the effects of PRT on cardiovascular risk factors in
type 2 diabetics in Asian Indians.
and methods. Twenty type 2 diabetic subjects (10males
& 10 females) were randomly assigned to the PRT group (n=10)
and control group (n=10). Subjects in the PRT group performed seven
exercises for major muscle groups twice a week and control group
continued with their medications for 16 weeks. Lipid profile, blood
pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) were measured at 0week and after 16
weeks of protocol.
cholesterol levels (188± 16.6 to 149±6.9) and
triglyceride levels (179±50.3 to 127± 6.2)
decreased significantly (p=0.001) in PRT group. High density
lipoprotein (HDL) increased by 17% in PRT group as compared to 1.9%
decrease in control group. PRT group exhibited significant reduction in
heart rate (p=0.01) by 17.8% and BP (p=0.001) by 7.1% in systolic blood
pressure (SBP) and 9.7% in diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Control
group showed no significant changes in BP and HR. Conclusion.
Progressive resistance training is effective in improving
cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetics in Asian Indians.
lipid profile, blood pressure,
heart rate, exercise intervention