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Romanian Society for Sports Medicine

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"Medicina Sportiva" No.14 - 2008 The 15-th Sports Medicine Balkan Congress


Ionescu Elena Ortansa, Gurau Anca Ileana
National Institute of Sports Medicine, Bucharest, Romania

Introduction. Although theoretical the need of anthropometrical selection in football is obvious, in practice we find more and more deviation from the standard. The football player model is tall, robust, powerful and able to face “the fight” in the field, where the risk of injury is high.
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to determinate the role of anthropometric selection in young football players. 
Material and method. Our study includes 488 young football players aged from 12 to 18 years, who began to practice football at least 3 years prior to the study. Anthropometric evaluation (height, weight, body composition, physical qualities) were carried out on the occasion of their medical check up in The National Institute of Sports Medicine during 2007. 
Results. Studying the anthropometrical parameters at a total of 488 young football players we found that 52.66% are tall, 46.72% are of medium height and 0.6% are under the media. Regarding the weight, 54.7% are under weight, 18% are normal weight and 25% are over weight. Analyzing the body composition it shows that 55.94% have a proper lean body mass, 26.63% have up to 2 kg less lean body mass and 17.41% have over 2 kg deficit of lean body mass. Concerning the adipose tissue, 46.92% of the subjects have appropriate percentiles, 42.62% presenting up to 2 kg more body fat and 10.45% exceed the standards with more than 2 kg. We found that 20.49% of the subjects are in the optimum recommended body weight but from them as a whole only 78% have a proper lean body mass. Off the total number of 488 cases 14.55% are over weight by a large muscle bulk presenting low/normal level of body fat.
Conclusions. The growth status and the physical development, the body composition and the optimum body weight should be closely monitored in young football players.
A rigorous secondary selection is necessary after 3-4 years of football practice. Values close to the anthropometric criteria are favorable for obtaining performance.
Key words: physical development, anthropometrical selection, football player model.

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