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Romanian Society for Sports Medicine

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"Medicina Sportiva" No.14 - 2008 The 15-th Sports Medicine Balkan Congress


Luminita Georgescu
University of Pitesti, Faculty of  Physical Education and Sports, Pitest, Romania
INTRODUCTION. Injuries in sports activities are acute and overuse cause by intrinsic and extrinsic risk factors. Quality of performance is affected by lack of flexibility.
CONTENT. Musculoskeletal injuries represent a major part of accidents in sports. The flexibility represents the ability to move joints through range of motion (ROM).
Optimal flexibility is difficult to define. Physical therapy techniques are used to reduce risk of injuries in sports activities.
In this presentation we intend to discus about general principles of flexibility, programs, types of stretching (passive, active, ballistic, dynamic, static, PNF), guidelines of stretching, indications, contraindications, recommendations, evaluation and assessment of flexibility, kinetological factors of flexibility and flexibility exercises.
In sports activities is important to identify flexibility requirements for each sport. Inflexibility or lack of flexibility decreases muscle function and adaptability.
Prevention is the first step in treating injuries.
Frequency of sports injuries has increased simultaneously with the enlargement number of participations in organized sports activities.
Musculoskeletal injuries represent a major part of injuries in sport.
CONCLUSION. Inadequate flexibility joint laxity predisposes to injury without a muscular support. Prevention of musculoskeletal injuries represents the main goal of individual exercise training.
The prevention guidelines of injuries in sport include proper warm-up (before activity) and cool down (after activity) surface, environmental factors. In this purpose preparticipation physical examination includes evaluation of joints (ROM, flexibility), evaluation of strength, assessment of balance and coordination etc.

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