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Romanian Society for Sports Medicine

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"Medicina Sportiva" No.14 - 2008 The 15-th Sports Medicine Balkan Congress


Natsis Kostas1, Aftosmidis Dimitris2
Medical School Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Physiotherapy Department TEI Thessaloniki, Greece
The application of tape is an art. Practice is essential to good taping. Taping refers to the application of some type of adhesive tape that adheres to the skin of a particular joint or to a limb.
Tape if applied correctly, will provide support and compression. To maximize the effectiveness of any taping technique, it is important to have a basic understanding of what you are trying to achieve and what taping can and cannot do. To maximize the effectiveness of any taping technique, it is important to have a basic understanding of the anatomy and function of the tissues you are trying to support. In addition, it is extremely important to have knoweledge how an injury occurred. The soft tissues sometime affected are muscle, tendon, fascia, cartilage, joint capsule, ligament and skin.These structures are often discussed separately, however, they are all intimately related and, therefore, must be considered together.
The primary aim of taping techniques is to provide support and protction to soft tissues without limiting their function unnecessarily. These techniques can be applied both before an injury and after an injury during both the early, and/or later stages of injury management.
The goals of prophylactic taping are the support of areas from excessive or repeated stresses, and to support joints that have a history of injury.
To provide a measure of soft-tissue (i.e. skin, muscle, tendon, ligament and joint capsule) support by placing injured structures in a position of minimal stress, and to enable the injured athlete to resume activity (often modified) which assists in ragaining strenght and flexibility of the joint or limb are the goals of the taping that we use in rehabilitation.
With the taping you allow the harmless movement and give Porprioception and Neuromuscular control, this assists with optimal healing and repair, therefore, eliminating the need for total immobilization of minor injuries.
There are many different ways to tape and you mast always remember what tape can and cannot do. It is equally important to recognize when an injured limb or joint should not be taped. The beginner should start slowly and after much practice efficiency will be the result.

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