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 Professor Paula Drosescu MD PhD
Societatea Romana de Medicina Sportiva



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Posture therapy

Introduction - Materials and methods
Results - Conclusions
 
Abstract
The emotional and mental state, together with the body, forms a whole – the human organism – that can become unbalanced at any moment by modifying the state of just one of the components. Posture therapy is a therapeutic method which uses body posture and attitude, alternative muscle contraction and relaxation together with correct breathing, leading to faster healing or improvement of various conditions or traumas of the locomotive apparatus.

Keywords:
posture therapy, physical deficiencies, emotions, neuro – linguistic programming

Introduction
 According to the latest discoveries of modern physiology, the different body movements stand for an exact translation of man’s emotional state. Each gesture or movement we perform, from the specific way of gesturing during a dialogue to the attitudes we take during contact with a friend or, on the contrary, with beings we do not like, all these represent us, characterize us and underline our way of being. The same way as language, the way to formulate the sentences, the timbre of our voice, can convey to the person we are speaking with our exact message, the same way the body expression is the most universal way to communicate. The nonverbal communication is always present by means of the body attitudes we have at a given moment and has its permanent origin in our inner life, psychic and mental, that we project to the outside. For the one that watches carefully, each person expresses almost continuously, by his/hers body attitudes and expressions, happiness, suffering, displeasure, enthusiasm, affectivity, indifference, apathy, decision, sickness, or any other state that mark that very moment. Each of our states comes into the concrete through exact physiologycal changes. It is enough to think about the emotion of seeing a person dear to us and the pulse and breath gets faster almost instantaneously, or about a moment when happiness was intense, that makes our whole body to be emerged into a huge nervous energy, in order to be able to understand this unity in manifestations of the human being. Similar to the good moments, the suffering states generate, at their turn, muscular contractions, changes in the nervous system, in the endocrine secretions and, as a consequence, in all the internal organs. We may state that, from this point of wiew, our body is a mirror of our inner life and of our habits and, similarly, they largely depend on the correct functionning of our body.
 One of the greatest problems of the adult living the fast rythms of urban life is the gradual loss of contact with the own body. Even if it might seem as a superfluous statement, many of us are  no longer aware of the signals our body constantly sends to us.
 Education and the social life, with their laws and conventions, impose upon us many contractions, both mental and physical, that limit and modify the possibilities to express ourselves. The robot-like, stereotypical behaviour that civilization impose upon us without us always being aware of it, ends by being so deeply rooted into ourselves that we consider it as being normal. From the „anti-natural” activities, like the life and activity of the sedentary person, comes the impossibility for the human to express himself freely as to his body. He looses contact with the universe of his body and is not even able to correctly use his physical instruments. His gestures become awkward, less skilful, his body posture incorrect, breath supperficial and irregular. The lack of expression is also felt at the level of the emotional life. Man, repressed in his emotional expressions, becomes less and less able to discover the emotional richness and finesse of his soul. The human being is no longer emotionally balanced, gets dehumanized, gets hyper-cerebral.
 Modern man is subject to a permanent stress, that settles slowly, insidiously, as muscular tensions localized in different parts of his body: abdomen (solar plexus), breathing system, muscles of the neck and of the backhead, vegetative system. Stress ulcerus, tachycardia, constipation, are just a couple of expressions of the locations of the anxiety states. Man, subject to such continuous tensions, contracts and gets deeper into such a state and is less and less aware of the physiological state he is in. For sure such a person doesn’t feel confortable in his own skin, but finds it impossible to pinpoint where the disconfort comes from and the way in set up. The perception of the own body is lessened, the cerebral body scheme is altered, the body expression becomes limited. The different modern or traditional techniques for body expressing aim at normalizing this situation and offer the human beings the opportunity to free themselves from the emotional tensions projected at body level. 
 The emotional and mental state, together with the body, form a whole that can get inballanced at any moment in time by modifying the state of one of the parts. The problem that confronts the contemporary man  may be summarized as a vicious circle, where uncontrolled emotions disturb the health of the body – and the other way arround: a tense body, functionning improperly, imprints strongly on the emotions and thinking of the individual. This circuit operates both ways: when lesions or tensions of the body (even wearing clothes that do not fit properly) may lead, by repetition, to internal disfunctions and to apparently random modifications (mostly negative) of the psyche. 
 Once identified the sequence in this circle, it is important to identify the way out of the new situation.
 There are many methods that can do such a thing. From the multitude of techniques and methods, I experimented the association: the Alexander technique, the Jacobson relaxation technique, exercices that stimulate the activity on different energetic meridians, final relaxation techniques. 
 The Alexander technique – called after its creator, doctor F. Matthias Alexander, has been described as being a muscular relaxation and re-education method that aims at the same time to convey an optimal state to all the physical, psychical and mental potentialities of the individual. The method is bases on a new way to act, more aware, decontracted, where mind and psyche take the lead over unconscious habits.  One of the ideas from which dr. Alexander started was that man transforms everything – thoughts, emotions – into different degrees of muscular tension. By voluntarily controlling these tensions at  the muscular level, as well as by modifying the body position and attitude, one can obtain exceptional effects both in changing the internal states and in eliminating certain diseases. The results of this technique have been successfully implemented in several fields of  life, from coaching of the high performance athletes to acting or to recovery of  certain defficiencies at children with disabilities.  
 The discovery of the Jacobson therapy was one of the most important achievements of modern psychology. Dr. Jacobson noticed at his clients that the negative psychical states, deeply disturbed, are translated into muscular contractions mostly in the lower trunk and the lower limbs. The conscious relaxation of certain parts of the body may lead, in time, to an improvement of the client’s state. This is the reason why I have put together a special program through which the client performed at the beginning the contraction of certain segments after which relaxation occured simpler and deeper. 
 In China acupuncture points are known for a very long time, creating a real art that cannot be contested. Based on this knowledge, and associating it to the physical  exercices of the samurai, Japan has developed a complex of physical exercices through which stimulation of the energetic meridians – the same as in acupuncture -  could be achieved.
 The final relaxation technique is a technique taken from NLP (NeuroLinguistic Programming) and adapted to the individual needs to mentally remove pain or osteoarticulary lesions.

Materials and methods
 Starting from the idea of harmony and integration (of the physical, psychic and spiritual) of the human body, I have conceived a program of exercices in order to obtain the curing or improvement of the simptoms. The group of diseases I have worked upon was: spine deviations, recovery of sports traumas, articulary sindromes painful through overload. 
 The methods I  have used are: Alexander technique, Jacobson relaxation technique, exercices that stimulate activity on different energy meridians and some others. 
 The experiment took place in the 2004 – 2006 period and had   15   testings
 The study batch was made of  157 cases out of which 75 gils and 82 boys.

 The way the experiment took place: anamnesis, clinical examination, measurements (whenever necessary), working time 85/minutes every week for 14 weeks.
 The evolution assessment criteria were: subjective parameters (quantitative and qualitative sleep after exercicing, desire to train, apetite, weight, pain decrease, psychic tonus) and  objective (amplitude of the spine, elasticity of the torax, modifications in the type of breath).

next page ...   → Results - Conclusions
Professor Paula Drosescu, MD. PhD
Faculty of Physical Education and Sports
“Al. I. Cuza” University Iasi
December 2, 2009
Medical Cabinet Alternative Iasi
Associate Certified Coach ICF
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