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Romanian Society for Sports Medicine

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"Sport Medicine Journal" No.6 - 2006

Methodological approaches of risk factors in sport traumatology in volleyball

Elena Taina Avramescu, , I. Ilinca, M. Zavaleanu, D. Enescu-Bieru
Faculty of Physical Education and Sports, University of Craiova


The volleyball becomes every year a more and more competitive game. The strength training in the preparatory period is not optional anymore but became a necessity. The players understood that because the volleyball includes a combination of resistance, strength, speed, agility and coordination is necessary to elaborate a program that will satisfy all these necessities. Like in other sports the development of the muscle mass in different muscle groups is asymmetrical and unequal, conducting to decrease of performance and trauma. Between the causes involved in a poor physical conditioning we mention the inequality in the development of agonist/antagonist muscular groups, the inadequate neuromuscular coordination, flexibility and low resistance of tendons and ligaments, low joint mobility. Reported to motor qualities the players must work for increasing of resistance, flexibility and strength, by using the main principles o findividualisation, variation). Training: continuity, multilaterally, step by step increasing, Also is important that the players will use a variety of movements in all anatomical plans; by this reason the programs must prepare the players to produce, reduce or stabilise the dynamic structures involved in the movement execution for each plan.The prophylaxis of injuries in volleyball will equally include in the training program specific exercises addressed to he strengthening of tendons and ligaments, along with the muscles, in order to fortify the joints they traverse, to prevent untoward injuries and to permit full and effective range of movement and stability. In plus we can use massage and self-massage related to the type of effort, training period, meteorological conditions, protection of areas most exposed to injuries by tapping and stapping (primary prophylaxis) and proper treatment/recovery of previous trauma (secondary prophylaxis). We also increased flexibility and range of joint motion. We used static stretching exercises for general flexibility, specific warm up procedures, weight training and resistive exercises in terms of specific activities. We worked for the development of flexibility, endurance and strength through the use of a carefully graded developmental program. The exercises were selected for assuring the warm up o all muscular groups. The training programmes were adapted to the correspondents training periods.

Key words:

volleyball, muscular-skeletal traumas, rehabilitation.

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