aspects in do-Shotokan
Pintilei, Mircea Slăvilă Abstract.
aim of this paper is to present a rehabilitation programm using
theoretical and experimental aspects of prevent programm in
macro-thrauma wich occur during Karate-doShotokan trainings.
National Institute of Physical
Education and Sport, Chişinău
sport thrauma, physical and psyhopedagogic rehabilitation,
do-Shotokan karate, rehabilitation strategies.
method must to
have a great eficency especialy in raport with costs. For this reason
is important to organize the process like the process that can respect
some rulers, norms that come from social direction. In many countries
martial art is a method that can involve development of personality.
Karate do-Shotokan is a component that can improve spirits side, body
and can produce a perfect balance between all components of personality
and so is possible to development these.
competitions many people go to karate do-Shotokan. They want to have
high performance and this involve an increase of sports thraumas. For
this reason we consider that is important toknow all aspects of
thraumas and the effect in sport activity.
This research go
from the first
aspect in karate do Shotokan, regards direct contact, and to establish
some prepares strategies in sport activity, some programms for
rehabilitation and so to obtain a decrease of number the thraumas.
of research: is to
development and imporvement the rehabilitation process in karate do
Shotokan using complxes strategies.
The subjects of
this study have been
from Sport Club Team nr.5 Dinamo, Law University Bucharest. The age
were between 14-23 years and the results of assesment of these patients
has been take from Clinic Universitair Hospital Bucharest and from
Orthopedic Hospital Bucharest.
After that we
studied the articles
from literature we can say that exist a great incidence of thrauma in
do Shotokan karate because exist an important participation of force,
speed, ability during direct contact. Technique prepare is responsible,
in relation with the other factors, for thrauma. In this research we
observed that exist a great incidence of sport accidents (74,66%)
during training programms and only 24,44% during sport competitions.The
most frequently are face and limbs contusions, even if they are not so
sever and dont exist an important functional disabilities. Injuries at
elbow, knee and ankle level involve important disabilities. We made a
sreening and we observed that exist a high percent of accidents(43,8%)
at lower limb, (39,62%) at upper limb, (6,22%) at head, (9,55%) at
For assesment the
effect of thrauma
factor in sport injuries we used two tests: depression index-where we
observed 55% lower depression, 35% medium depression, 15% without
depression. In this research we used a lot fo 15 karte-ka that
participated to a questionair name” How can you answer at
We obtain the next
result: 60% from
subjects are at normal level, 35% are under the normal level and 5%
present major stress for wich is important to take special measures. If
is possible is important to discover early the stress and/or depression
situations because so we can resolve much better this situations.
intervention has also
the role to increase the efficency of rehabilitation programm and in
the same time it must to involve the increase
of athlets capacity to accept pain and the therapy programm.
between physical therapy methods(kinetic therapy, massage) and
psychopedagogic methods(relax and autotraining) had a positive
effects in experimental lot.So at this lot we observed an increase of
rehabilitation percent around 5-15% and a decrease with 16-28% in the
number of rehabilitation days programm. Also we observed that
kinetic rehabilitation (62,8%) and physiotherapy ( 13,8%),
massage(17,1%) are the most important methods and acupuncture(3,2%),
balneotherapy(1,1%), hydrotherapy(1%) are not usual use. Regards
psychopedagogic methods, mental autotraining (41,1%), relax(21,8%),
positive think(12,75%), are the most useful methods.The other methods
like: respiration and relax(10,1%), sugest and autosugest(6,8%),
hypnosis(2,1%), autohypnosis(4,8%). Substitute of exercises from
kinetic rehabilitation programme with some karte specific exercises
can improve the works of kinetotherapist and the athlets can
participate much easy to rehabilitation programme. Also, if exist an
individual nutrition ration is possible to obtain an increase of
effort capacity and andurance, an increase of imunity and and
increase of bone and muscle structure.
of results after we used all these methods for rehabilitation and
psychopedagogic methods show to us that is possible to obtain some
informations regards relation between physician-
athlets-kinetotherapist-trainer and so we can understand much better
how we can help the athlets and their pathology. Also is clearly thet
is important to apply psychopedagocic methods in association with
specialists say that is important and is necessary to be a good
colaboration between the members of sport team. But in real life and
activity this colaboration dosent exist and so the efficency of
rehabilitation programme can be reduce. Scientifique
aspect of this research is important because so is posible to
present some strategies of rehabilitation after injuries in karate do
the forst step is to assesment the presence of depression or stress
failures of athlets, before we begin the rehabiliattion programme.
The second step is to establish the protocol of association between
physical therapy methods and psychopedagocic methods and also to
substitute the kinetic exercises with specific exercises from karate.
We can say that is important to present the follows strategies:
strategy for discovery depression and stress
therapy strategy, kinetotherapy and massage
strategy using relax and autosugest method
strategy using physical exercises from karate
strategy using nutrition ration and vitamins.
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