ARTICLE – abstract
of patient’s skeletal muscles with congestive heart failure
cl. II-III NYHA
by physical therapy’s methods
Lucian, Mârza-Dănilă Doina
Faculty of Movement, Sports, and Health Science, Romania
The patients suffering from congestive heart failure cl. II-III NYHA
have an alteration of the muscular mass caused by the decrease of the
muscular force, the decrease of the muscular mass with diminution of
the section area, the increase of the glycolysis activity and the
decrease of the oxidation enzyme activity. The muscular fatigue during
effort determines its interruption, although the cardiac or respiratory
store is not depleted.
The research was carried out on 40 patients suffering from congestive
heart failure cl. II-III NYHA, aged between 55 and 60. They followed a
physical therapy programme for 2 months, with a frequency of 3 sessions
a week. The assessment was carried out by registering –
initially and finally – the following parameters: the
diameter of the lower third of the thigh using a metric ribbon, the
effort capacity using the 6-minute-walking test, and the EMG value on
thigh level using the Biopac Student-Lab. Results. The final results
show an increase in the trophic and tonus status of the lower limbs, as
well as an increased effort capacity. The final results were much
better than the initial ones.
Using the physical therapy programme in the case of patients suffering
from congestive heart failure cl. II-III NYHA, we can significantly
diminish the alteration of the skeletal muscle.
failure, Biopac, physical therapy.