We use cookies! Read Confidentiality, Terms & Conditions!. Close (auto)
www.pansportmedical.ro
EFSMA european federation of sports medicine associations
www.medicinasportiva.ro
Newsletter Medicina Sportiva

Romanian Society for Sports Medicine



Home       • Contact        • Sport Medicine Journal      • International Events Calendar     • Information




"Medicina Sportiva" No.14 - 2008 The 15-th Sports Medicine Balkan Congress
VARIA


EFFECTS OF PHISICAL ACTIVITY ON THE ANTHROPOMETRICS AND METABOLIC PROFILES OF PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS

Dănciulescu Miulescu Rucsandra1, Avramescu Taina Elena2, Danoiu Suzana3
1UMF Carol Davila Bucureşti, Endocrinology Dept.,
2University of Craiova, FEFS Faculty, Anathomy Dept.,
3UMF Craiova, Patophysiology Dept., Romania

INTRODUCTION. Diabetes mellitus is a major health problem of the 21st century. Epidemiological data provided by the International Diabetes Federation show that there are currently 194 million diabetes patients, 51% of the adult population respectively, and that the number will amount to 333 million in 2025, 4,3% respectively . Aside from specialty studies on genetic and autoimmune factors implied in the appearance of diabetes mellitus, the recent period saw an increase of studies on environment diabetogenic factors, the most significant of which are obesity, lack of exercise, age, stress level and the so-called modern lifestyle. Lately, in Europe, this has caused an ever increasing orientation towards disease prevention measures mainly represented by lifestyle changes (diet and exercise), aspects which are not yet developed at a national level, since the “sports for all” phenomenon is still lagging behind many European countries. Recommendations published by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists mention the fact that walking for 40 minutes, three times a week, is sufficient to decrease insuline sensitivity and improve glycemic control.
Materials and Methods. 16 Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus were recruited for this study. Anthropometric parameters, biochemical parameters were determined. Blood pressure was recorded. The anthropometric measurement included waist circumference (WC) and  body mass index (BMI). BMI was computed as a ratio of weight to the square of height (kg/m2). Waist circumference was taken at the midpoint between the lowest rib and the iliac crest. Subjects were asked to fast for 12 h before blood sampling, which was done between 8.00 and 9.00 a.m. The plasma glucose, serum triglycerides, serum HDL- cholesterol were measured enzymatically. Patients were evaluated at baseline and at 12 weeks of nonfarmacologic treatment (the exercise intervention included walking for 40 minutes, three times a week). Diabetes medications were adjusted as needed throughout the program.
Results. Characteristics of patients before and after 12 weeks nonfarmacologic treatment:


 

Baseline characteristics of subjects

Characteristics of subjects after
12 months of treatment

P

BMI (kg/m2)

29.37 ± 3.22

29.00 ± 2.8

0.0044

Waist circumference

93.31 ± 11.63

92.56 ± 10.87

0.0028

Serum trglycerides (mg/dl)

196.5 ± 66.27

184.56 ± 58.37

0.0002

Serum HDL cholesterol (mg/dl)

43.81 ± 10.00

46.12 ± 9.47

2.8E-06

Fasting blood glucose (mg/dl)

172.87 ± 34.78

148.00 ± 32.87

0.0017


Conclusions. After treatment a significant decrease was observed in body mass index, waist circumference, serum triglycerides and  serum fasting glucose. 
Key words: diabetes, exercise, lifestyle.






top
Web creator - Gabriel Panait M.D. Information belongs to S.Ro.M.S -  contact person Mirela Vasilescu M.D.


S.Ro.M.S 's web section is freely created and hosted on   www.medicinasportiva.ro  -  according to Terms & Conditions



www.medicinasportiva.ro
Online since
March, 23 2006
Google
www  www.medicinasportiva.ro
www.medicinasportiva.ro

Website Statistics
Copyright© MedicinaSportiva.Ro & Partners. All rights reserved.