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Romanian Society for Sports Medicine



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"Medicina Sportiva" No.14 - 2008 The 15-th Sports Medicine Balkan Congress
INJURIES IN SPORTS


THE STUDY OF RATE AND INCIDENCE OF SPORT INJURIES IN STUDENTS:
A 3.5 YEARS LONGITUDINAL FOLLOW UP STUDY

Daneshmandi Hassan, Manizheh Vafa, Farzaneh Saki, Afsharnezhad Taher
Guilan University, Iran

INTRODUCTION. Musculoskeletal injuries as an unfavorable consequence of sport can be lead to of decreasing physical activities, increasing medical costs and disturbing of daily activities. OBJECTIVES. The purpose of this study was investigated the injury rate (number of injuries/ time in 1000) and incidence (number of injuries/ number of subjects in 1000) of sports injuries in P.E students in related to frequency and type of their sport class, competitions and recreational activities of them.
Methods. In a longitudinal follow up study 72 P.E student include male (n=28, age 21.64±2.59) and female (n=43, age 20.26 ±1.33) during 3.5 year period (7 semesters) were examined. All injuries of the subjects were recorded at the end of each semester .Friedman test was used to analyzed the data (P≤.05).
RESULTS.  574 injuries were recorded (285 injury for male and 289 injury for female). Incidence exposure of injuries was 832.12 in sport classes, 328.56 in competitions and 612.24 in recreational activities. Also the rate exposure was 282.67 in sport class and 187.49 in recreational sport activities. In a total the lower extremity with 45.4% (3.69±17.4 injury per each subject), the upper extremity with 32.2 %( 2.68±2.58 per each subject), the trunk with12.5% (.86±1.33 per each subject) and the head, face and other segments with 9.9% (.94±2.76 per each subject) showed most injuries. Importantly, most frequent injuries were showed in gymnastic class for females and in soccer class for males. There is significant difference between rate and type of injury and type of sport class (P≤.05).
CONCLUSIONS.  It can be concluded that high incidence and the varieties of sport injuries in related to some specific sport classes and risk factors emphasize on modifying of teaching style and educational program of P.E students
KEY WORDS: physical education, sport injury, injury rate.






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