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Romanian Society for Sports Medicine



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"Medicina Sportiva" No.14 - 2008 The 15-th Sports Medicine Balkan Congress
INJURIES IN SPORTS


SPORTS INJURIES IN CHILDHOOD. A PROSPECTIVE STUDY IN GREECE

Spagakos Georgios1, Kontopoulou Eirini2
1 Orthopaedic Surgeon, 2Filoktitis Rehabilitation Center, Athens, Greece


Purpose. In this study, we present data on the occurrence of sports injuries among children in Greece. The study indicates the importance of injury surveillance in describing the epidemiology of sports injuries and provides an estimate of the magnitude of sport injuries that take place annually in Greece.
Materials and methods. Data from the European Home and Leisure Accident Surveillance System (EHLASS) were collected from the participating hospitals during a 2year period (2002-2003).
Results. Almost one-third of all injuries incurred in Greece among children are sports-related injuries. Football, probably because of its popularity, accounts for most of sports injuries. In football, boys account for more than 90% of injuries, while in basketball, they account about 65%. In volleyball and particularly gymnastics, the opposite pattern holds with girls being frequently overrepresented. The most common injuries are sprains and strains, fractures represent more than 14% of sport injuries. The significant increase of sports injuries is associated with a parallel rapid growth of organized and unorganized sports activities for children in Greece in recent years. Αpproximately 4% of the total sports injuries require hospitalization.  

Conclusions. Sports activities reduce cardiovascular, morbidity and mortality, increase fitness and improve quality of life. Sports injuries represent the most important and the most direct adverse consequence of sports activities. The frequency and severity of sports injuries is a function of the popularity of each type of sport activity.





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