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Romanian Society for Sports Medicine



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"Medicina Sportiva" No.14 - 2008 The 15-th Sports Medicine Balkan Congress
INJURIES IN SPORTS


HIPOTHESIZES RELATED TO THE INVOLVMENT OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL FACTORS INTO SPORTS TRAUMATOLOGY ETIOLOGY IN RUGBY

Laura Margareta Bara1, Alina Isabela Anghel2, Octavian Florian Campian3, Alin Nicolae Popescu1
1Rugby Romanian Federation,
2Faculty of Physical Education Pitesti,
3Sport Medicine Polyclinic of Timisoara, Romania

One of the most important impediments in the sports performance is constituted by injuries, traumas with a repetitive or unexpected character, mostly in competition context. In the sports traumatology etiology there are known mechanic, biological, structural factors. The present study centers on the psychological characteristics or events as predictors for traumas. It can be observed that in the high-performance sports, the role of the psychological assistance becomes more and more important for the increase of the sports performance and that it is necessary that the athlete to be analyzed from an interdisciplinary point of view for aiming a fair evaluation and for an efficient behavior in order to  avoid the eventual causes of the maladaptive effects for performance. Considering the premise of the existence of a certain mutual determinism between injuries and psychological factors, the base of the study is constituted by the analysis of some cases in rugby. The study’s conclusions centers on generating some hypothesis related to the existence of a certain pattern in which it concerns the injuries’ typology related to the specificity of the competition environment, to the stable characteristics of personality or to the traumatic events determinative for structure and function changes of the apparatus and systems involved into the specific sports activity.
Key-words: sports traumatology, injury etiology, psychological factors, traumatic psychological event.





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