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Romanian Society for Sports Medicine



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"Medicina Sportiva" No.14 - 2008 The 15-th Sports Medicine Balkan Congress
CHRONIC DISEASE AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY


TEENAGERS’ GROWTH   DISORDERS

Nica AS, Mologhianu G, Murgu A, Ionescu A,   Apostol A, Brailescu C, Scarlet R
University of Medicine “Carol Davila” Bucharest, Romania


INTRODUCTION. Due to the ever changing reality of modern day society, especially felt by the younger generation, major lifestyle changes have occurred that influence the state of health of the population. In this context, medical exams of different profiles (family medicine, pediatrics, orthopedic practice, rehabilitation) show a growing number of growth and somatic development.
AIM. These disorders, functional and structural, (ex. Idiopathic scoliosis) are often neglected by the patients and accompanied by psycho-behavioral disorders. These facts have justified the initiation of a longitudinal prospective study that identifies these growth and development disorders.
MATERIALS. The study was conducted on 1000 children and teenagers (ages 10-18), grades IV to XI, in three different schools in Bucharest, whose locomotors and psyche have been evaluated.
METHOD. We used special forms for analysis and clinical and functional interpretation to evaluate somathometric, anthropometry and psycho-behavioral forms. These special forms were used to detect subjective manifestations (ex. somatic pain, tiredness) and objective manifestations of the spine, upper and lower limbs, breathing dynamics, effort endurance.
RESULTS. The screening was used to create a data-base by introducing the data from the special forms and the statistical interpretation of the data, using the SPSS software. The dynamics and the different relations of the parameters were monitored. This stage focused on identifying the percent of children who were within the normal growth limits and are able to withstand greater physical and emotional stress, and the group of children suffering from minor, medium functional or organic disorders, the last group being in need of special prophylactic programs or targeted rehabilitation programs (ex. scoliosis) and in some situations interdisciplinary medical care and medical and psychological counseling.
CONCLUSION. From the statistical evaluation of 968 children, the distribution of cases with pain as a symptom and spine problems revealed 174 cases, with the highest percentage at dorsal level (122 cases) and lumbar level (114 cases).





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